Which is more effective for menopausal symptoms?
The latest research has shown that the most effective androgen for women, testosterone, is also the most likely to work for menopause symptoms.
Androgyne, a male hormone, and estradiol, a female hormone, are the main hormones used in menopaus, a time of great change for many men.
The research was published in the British Medical Journal on Wednesday.
Androgynologists have long used a number of different methods to try and understand how to best treat women who experience menopresis, including a drug known as oestrogen receptor modulators.
But the researchers say that the study also shows that androgens and estrogens can work together.
“We believe this study will provide a valuable insight into the relationship between androgens, estrogens and testosterone and how these hormones interact with each other,” said study author Dr Neda Mirer, from the University of Nottingham.
“Androgens are important for the reproductive systems, whereas estrogens are involved in the body’s immune response and regulating many hormones.”
Androgen is the male hormone produced in the testicles.
The hormone also helps protect the body from damage caused by the body or its environment.
But there are many ways to make androgens.
It can be produced in our bodies by testosterone-producing cells, which are also known as the gonads.
Or it can be synthesised from other chemicals called estrogens.
Androgens can also be produced naturally, but these have not been studied.
Androgen levels are high in many parts of the body, including in the bones and muscles, and can affect the appearance of facial features and facial hair.
Dr Mirero said the hormone also affects the body temperature.
And there are several studies showing that androgen affects the way the body regulates its temperature.
“It is important to remember that estrogen levels are low in the prostate and are associated with a high risk of prostate cancer,” Dr Mireri said.
“Androgens also influence the body and metabolism, so it’s important to think about these factors in any decision about treatment.”
But the biggest difference between the two hormones is the rate at which they are released into the body.
Androgen is released slowly over a period of weeks, whereas androstenedione is released in bursts and is often released in the days after menstruation.
“The release of estrogens from the testes is much faster than testosterone from the adrenal glands,” Dr Chris White, a professor of andrology at Imperial College London, said.
“So it takes about six weeks for testosterone to reach the body in men, but estrogens only take about 24 hours.
So they can be released at any time.”
And the researchers also looked at how estrogen and testosterone interact to cause symptoms.
They found that estrogen and estrone were more effective than androstedione in controlling symptoms, and they had higher effects on the immune system.
The researchers say the finding suggests that estrogens may have a role in the treatment of symptoms and may have greater therapeutic value than androgens for women.
“Women with menopausal symptom may benefit from using aromatase inhibitors, such as clomiphene citrate, which can prevent androgen release,” Dr White said.
But because the hormones are linked, menopausal women are not necessarily more likely to be prescribed aromatised treatments.
“Although aromatisation has been used successfully for many conditions, it does not work for the conditions where women tend to be more prone to the side effects of aromatization,” Dr Whit said.
This is a developing story.
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