Which are the most promising countries in Africa?
Ethiopia is among the most dynamic countries in sub-Saharan Africa, and its economic potential is being harnessed to improve the lives of the most vulnerable.
But it has been at the forefront of several human rights abuses and has been subject to a string of government crackdowns.
A new report from the African Development Bank (ADB) on Thursday (10 January) said Ethiopia’s development and economic development are still lacking in many sectors.
The country’s economic development and development in the areas of health, education and healthcare, it said, “remains far behind most of its neighbours and is severely hampered by the ongoing political crisis in Ethiopia”.
Ethiopia has a population of about 200 million people and is ranked 11th on the continent.
It is the second-most populous country in Africa after South Africa and the world’s sixth largest economy behind Nigeria and South Korea.
According to the ADB, Ethiopia has a very poor governance structure, and has not achieved a high level of development.
It also has a weak economy, high poverty and a poor healthcare system.
Ethiopian President Gurbanguly Berdymukhammed announced in January that the government would begin a nationwide campaign to eradicate poverty and create a sustainable economy.
It aims to reduce the number of people living below the poverty line to one person in every 200.
In its latest report, the ADP found that the country had one of the world ‘s most severe human rights and governance crises’.
The report said the government has not yet addressed some of the concerns raised in the report, such as the “toxic legacy of authoritarian rule” in the country and the lack of transparency in government and its policies.
“Ethiopias governance has been in disarray for over a decade, and this is reflected in poor governance, lack of accountability, and a lack of access to the public,” the ADI said.
Ethiades government has repeatedly accused human rights activists of staging “unfounded” protests against the government, and in July, it launched a court case to try a human rights activist who had criticised its decision to remove a statue of President Robert Mugabe.
In January, the government announced it was launching a criminal investigation into allegations of human rights violations in Ethiopia and accused activists of “provocative acts” against the authorities.
In November last year, Ethiopia’s Foreign Minister Ehsanoglu said Ethiopia was seeking “international help to confront terrorism”.
He also said Ethiopia needed to establish a “national army” to combat terrorism.
On Thursday, the UN Security Council adopted a resolution urging Ethiopia to “cease all attacks against persons and property” and called for an immediate end to the violence in the Ethiopian capital.
Ethia’s human rights recordThe ADB said Ethiopia is ranked 13th on its Human Rights Watch (HRW) Corruption Perceptions Index, which is based on responses from 189 countries to the watchdog’s 2014 report on impunity in Africa.
“The ADI has found that Ethiopia has not fully reformed the legal system or the judicial system,” the report said.
“This could be because Ethiopia has no central court or due process guarantees, and is therefore unable to prosecute or convict high-level officials for their crimes.”
The report also found that Ethiopian law does not provide for effective due process, including the right to a fair trial.
“There is little or no transparency in the judicial process and judges can make up their own rulings,” it said.